Hi everyone! Galungan and Kuningan day are near, let’s talk about Galungan and Kuningan day!
Galungan is a day where Hindus commemorate the creation of the universe and its contents and celebrate the victory of Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil). The meaning of the word Galungan comes from the Old Javanese language which means to fight. Also known as “dungulan” which means to win, Hindus celebrate Galungan every 6 months in Bali (210 days), namely on Budha (Wednesday) Kliwon, wuku Dungulan, Galungan and Kuningan holidays are celebrated twice on the Gregorian calendar.
One day before Galungan is called Penampahan Day, which is on Tuesday Wage Wuku Dunggulan. On this day, Hindus will be busy making penjor (bamboo decorated according to local Balinese traditions) as an expression of gratitude to God Almighty for the gifts given so far. In addition to making penjor, Hindus also slaughter pigs as a complement to the ceremony, slaughtering pigs also has a symbolic meaning, namely eliminating all animal desires that exist in humans. Hindus also prepare for tomorrow’s needs such as decorating and cleaning temples, making banten, and others. The Balinese believe that on this Penampahan day the ancestors will visit their relatives in the world, that’s why people also make special treats for the ancestors who “stop by” them in their respective homes.
The next day is Galungan, Hindus pray in their respective homes in the morning to the temples around the neighborhood. On Galungan Day, many Hindus return to their hometowns (return to their original places) to pray in their respective areas of origin.
One day after Galungan is called Galungan Umanis Day. On this day Hindus will perform prayers and continue with Dharma Santi and visit relatives. Children will also perform the ngelawang tradition on this day.
Kuningan Day is a ceremonial day to commemorate the greatness of Sang Hyang Widhi in the form of Sang Hyang Parama Wisesa and celebrate the victory of Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil) and express gratitude to the ancestors for their services. The meaning of the word Kuningan comes from the word “kauningan” which means achieving spiritual improvement by means of self-introspection to avoid danger. Kuningan Day is held 10 days after Galungan, precisely on Saniscara (Saturday), Kliwon, Kuningan.
The day before Kuningan day is called the day of Penampahan Kuningan, as a form of preparation for Kuningan day. The day of the addition of Kuningan is held every Sukra (Friday) Wage Wuku Kuningan. On this day, Hindus prepare offerings, banten, and jejahitan. Jejahitan used ceremonial equipment that symbolize the tools of war. Hindus also slaughter livestock.
On Kuningan Day, Hindus pray in the morning. On this day, Hindus make yellow rice as a symbol of prosperity and offer offerings as a sign of gratitude and success as a human being for having received a gift from Sang Hyang Widhi. It is recommended that the Kuningan ceremony be held in the morning and not later than noon because on Kuningan Day, Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa blesses the world and mankind from 00:00 in the morning until 12:00 in the afternoon, because the energy of the universe rises from morning tonight. reached its limit by midday. Afternoon, the energy of the universe will decrease.
That’s the discussion about Galungan and Kuningan Day, thank you 🙂