These typical Indonesian animals are protected because they are threatened with extinction. In fact, there are several types of animals whose numbers are very small. Come on, let’s get to know the secrets of these animals!
- The Javan rhinoceros lives in Ujung Kulon, West Java.
- The Javan rhino is a protected animal because it is threatened with extinction. The current number is only 50-70 tails.
- This rhino has only one horn. Its horns are smaller than that of other types of rhino.
- This horn is rarely used for fighting. Rhinos more often use their horns to move the mud, attract plants for food, or clear roads.
- The Javan rhinoceros is a herbivorous animal. They can eat twigs, fruit, and leaves up to 50 kg in a day.
- The skin of the Javan Rhino looks like a mosaic pattern because the skin is folded. This skin serves as a shield for the body.
- Unlike other rhinos, the Javan Rhino is very quiet. They do not communicate by sound, but by the sense of smell.
- The Kintamani Dog comes from Sukawana Village, Bangli, Kintamani District, Bali.
- The origins of this dog are still being studied. However, this dog has absolutely no DNA from other breeds of dogs.
- The Kintamani dog has thick fur because he comes from the highlands and mountainous forests
- In 2019, the International Kinology Federation (FCI) recognized the Kintamani dog as the only purebred dog originating from Indonesia.
- Kintamani dogs have black, white, brown, and a mixture of the three. Medium body size and is a type of guard dog.
- Anoa is a cow-like mammal that only lives on southeastern Sulawesi Island and Buton Island.
- There are 2 types of anoa, namely anoa that lives in the mountains scientifically named Bubalus depressicornis, and anoa that lives in the lowlands scientifically named Bubalus quarlessi.
- Anoa prefers to live alone, not in groups. In the wild, anoa lives alone or with their partners.
- Anoa’s skin color is similar to that of a buffalo, which is dark brown to black. Anoa’s head shape is like a cow. However, its feet and hooves resemble those of a bull.
- Anoa’s horns pointing backward are used to pry through the bushes where they live.
- Anoa is a protected animal. Protection for the preservation of anoa has even been done before Indonesia’s independence.
- Anoa eats various types of forest plants, ranging from leaves, stems, and of course the fruit.
- Orangutans only live in tropical forests on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. They like to build nests in tall trees.
- The animal with the scientific name Pongo pygmaeus is divided into 3, namely the Bornean, Sumatran, and Tapanuli orangutans.
- The orangutan’s body is covered by reddish-brown fur. Only the palms of the hands and feet are not covered by hair.
- Adult male orangutans are often seen with plump cheeks which make their faces appear wider.
- Orangutans live in small family groups consisting of mothers and young. Male orangutans often live alone exploring the forest.
- Orangutan cubs suckle from their mothers for about 4 years and only live apart from their mothers at the age of about 8 years. Orangutans can live in the wild for up to 30 years.
- Orangutans eat forest fruits, honey, and eggs of wild birds. Oh yes, orangutans can open durian fruit.
- This blackbird is only found on the island of Sulawesi, especially in Central Sulawesi.
- This bird, which is about the size of a chicken, can fly but prefers to walk on the ground.
- This bird, whose scientific name is Macrocephalon maleo, has eggs 6 times larger than chicken eggs, about the size of an adult’s palm.
- Maleo eggs are incubated by being buried in sandpits located around the volcano. To incubate these eggs, a temperature of about 32° – 35° C is required.
- After hatching, Maleo bird chicks live independently without the help of their two parents.
- Usually, the newly hatched chicks are fluffy like chicks. However, maleo chicks are already hairy like their parents and can fly.
- Maleo birds like to live in forests and bushes. These birds include omnivores that eat anything, such as fruits, seeds, insects, and snails.