In our daily activities, we may have had minor accidents, such as nosebleeds, abrasions, water in the ear, or being splashed by hot water. Then, how to treat it? Come on, let’s find out together!
Nosebleeds or bleeding from the nose can occur from a dry nose, picking at the nose too hard, or forming a ball or other object. Well, these steps we can do to stop nosebleeds. However, if the nosebleed doesn’t stop, tell your parents right away so they can take you to the doctor.
- Sit up straight to reduce pressure on the blood vessels in the nose.
- Lean forward to avoid swallowing blood from your nose.
- Press your nose for 10-15 minutes and breathe in through your mouth.
- Finally, compress the top of the nose with cold water so that the bleeding slows down.
- If the nosebleed has stopped, do not immediately blow your nose, pick your nose, and do strenuous activities.
Treating Skin Blisters
Scratches can occur due to hard friction on the skin. Scratches usually occur when we fall, wear shoes or sandals, or when our skin is hit by a sharp object.
- If we get blisters from wearing shoes, take them off.
- Wash hands with soap and running water, before giving medicine.
- Gently clean the blisters with a wound cleanser (Rivanol) or running water and soap. Avoid using alcohol directly on the blisters because it will cause a stinging sensation.
- Apply an antibiotic or antiseptic ointment to prevent infection.
- Cover the blister with sterile gauze or plaster and change it daily.
Removing Water from Ears
When swimming or bathing, sometimes we get water in our ears. Well, here’s how to fix it. However, if you still have problems with your ears, tell your parents right away, so they can take you to the doctor.
- Tilt your head, wiggle your earlobes to let the water out.
- If that doesn’t work, cover the ear that gets water in with the palm of your hand until the ear feels like it’s being sucked in, then release it. Water in the ear will also be sucked out.
- Another way that people usually do this is to drip water on the blocked ear due to water ingress. Let stand for three seconds, then tilt your head to the opposite side to allow the water to drain out of the ear canal. But remember, you have to use clean water.
- You can also use a hairdryer. Set it to the lowest airspeed and temperature, then use it from about 30 centimeters from your ear. Better ask your parents to do it.
Exposed to Oil or Hot Water
When frying or boiling something, there are times when our hands are splashed with oil or hot water. If the splash is only a little, we can do the following steps. However, if the burn is large and severe, you should immediately see a doctor!
- Flush the body part that is splashed with oil or hot water with running water for about 20 minutes. Do not use ice water or ingredients that contain oil.
- Remove clothing or accessories that have been exposed to oil or hot water.
- Use a special ointment for burns, petroleum jelly, or aloe vera gel to reduce heat on the skin. Avoid using oil, butter, or toothpaste.
- Cover the wound with a sterile bandage or gauze.
Medicines in a First Aid Box
We need to always provide a box of medicines at home or when traveling (first aid kit). Equip the box with various drugs for accidents.
Gauze, wound cleaning fluid, antiseptic medicine for wounds, burn ointment, itching reliever due to insects or allergies, pain medicine, fever reliever medicine, cold medicine, eye drops, thermometer, and emergency medicine for people with certain diseases such as inhalers for asthmatics.